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Septiembre 2014
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Trabas burocraticas y proteccionismo obsoleto al trabajo por cuenta propia.

Por Dagoberto Valdés

No hay desarrollo económico sin libertades y derechos humanos. A medida que vamos recogiendo testimonios de cubanos y cubanas emprendedores que desean desarrollar su iniciativa privada en un pequeño trabajo por cuenta propia que esté aprobado en la lista de oficios medievales que el Gobierno cubano ha aprobado como una apertura, se encuentran con trabas burocráticas sin fin y proteccionismos del Estado a sus ineficientes empresas o servicios inservibles para que nadie le haga competencia a esos fósiles del totalitarismo burocrático.

Los permisos y gestiones llevan a cada cubano o cubana que se arriesga a emprender de oficina en oficina. Mencionaré solo algunas, por ejemplo si desea construir un ranchón para un paladar en terreno propio: Planificación Física, Consejo de la Administración del Poder Popular Municipal, Dirección Municipal de Salud Pública, Dirección Municipal de Vivienda, Oficina Nacional Tributaria (ONAT) y otras más. En cada una de ellas debe sortear no solo la desidia del burocratismo sino las represas y bloqueos implementados para que nadie gane mucho, acumule más de una propiedad, acumule propiedades o dinero, progrese en su vida por encima de los estándares de nivelación descendente del socialismo real, es decir, el nivel mínimo de la supervivencia y la dependencia del Estado y la ocupación de mente y cotidianidad en lo indispensable para sobrevivir.

Otro bloqueo insalvable es el proteccionismo del Gobierno sobre cualquier servicio, comercio o empresa propiedad, todos propiedad del Estado, para eliminar la posible, potencial e incipiente competencia del cuentapropista, léase, pequeño empresario privado. Un “paladar” no puede ser autorizado a dos cuadras de una cafetería del Estado porque le hace competencia. Sin contar que la cafetería estatal, la mayoría de las veces, no tiene nada que vender. El ministro Murillo ha dicho claramente en la Asamblea Nacional de Cuba que las empresas estatales no deben tener miedo a la competencia de los trabajadores por cuenta propia porque estos no son más que “chinchales”. Y si progresan, pues están los Lineamientos económicos y sociales que reafirman que la economía nacional está en manos del Estado y no se permitirá ni acumular capital, ni salirse de los mecanismos de la planificación estatal aún sobre los trabajos no estatales. Más claro, ni el agua.

Solo con “chinchales” Cuba no sale del borde del precipicio. Empresas sin competencia solo producen miseria y mal servicio. Supuestas aperturas sin propiedad privada reconocida y protegida no son aperturas. Trabajo y burocratismo son antónimos. Y economía y libertad son inseparables.

Por tanto, ya sabemos a dónde va “esto”. O mejor, a dónde no va.

Pero, como el totalitarismo es irreformable… ¡nadie sabe!


Dagoberto Valdes

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  • Coming to a subdivision near you.There a re a few things that really worry me about this. Leaving aside the real estate side of buying a house with a pipeline underneath, I do wish we still had Kettle around to discuss.We have a pipeline built in the 40s to pipe oil north now re-purposed to pump the output of the tar sands with a higher viscosity(therefore higher pressure) south, reversing the pressures in parts of the pipeline.With these buried pipelines and the new incidences of localized earthquakes associated with fracking, when the licenses are issued to the gas companies are they factoring in that buried pipelines may be hit with seismic shocks.Never let a specious argument prevent someone from the soapbox…..REVIEW & OUTLOOKGreens fret over pipeline leaks but are mute about train derailmentsWhat’s the difference between an oil spill from a pipeline and an oil spill from a train? Answer: A lesson in political opportunism.The media have played up Friday’s discovery of an oil leak in an old Exxon XOM -0.21%Mobil pipeline near Mayflower, Arkansas. It isn’t clear how much oil escaped from the 850-mile Pegasus pipeline, but Exxon says it responded with teams and equipment able to handle as much as 10,000 barrels and that by early Saturday it had stopped the flow and begun cleanup. The real reason for the headlines is that Pegasus was delivering heavy crude from the Canadian oil sands to Texas. This is similar to the oil the proposed Keystone XL pipeline would deliver from Canada to the Gulf Coast, and the anti-Keystone capos are using the Exxon spill to scare up political opposition to the new pipeline. Massachusetts Congressman Ed Markey rewrote a familiar press release, and Sierra Club Executive Director Michael Brune said “this latest toxic mess” proves that “it’s not a matter of if spills will occur on dangerous pipelines like Keystone XL, but rather, when.” All of this is in marked contrast to the non-reaction last week when a Canadian Pacific Railway CP.T -2.06%train carrying crude to Chicago derailed in western Minnesota, spilling about 15,000 gallons. Much of the press also ignored the train accident, though the spill was certainly serious and also took place near a town. The train wreck illustrates one economic reality of the U.S. shale drilling boom, which is that energy companies have turned to shipping by rail as pipeline capacity has been filled. The volume of oil transported by U.S. rail has surged to 233,811 carloads in 2012 from 9,500 as recently as 2008. This means boom times for freight rail lines, including Burlington Northern Santa Fe, which is owned by Warren Buffett and Berkshire Hathaway BRKB +1.61%.Rail is not the safest way to transport oil, however. Journal reporters recently analyzed federal data and found that railroad-related oil incidents are soaring, with 112 oil spills reported from 2010 to 2012 compared to 10 in the previous three years. The spills are small compared to the volumes that trains are carrying, and railways are essential in areas that aren’t connected to pipelines. By contrast, oil pipelines carry far more crude and have fewer leaks per mile. They also present fewer safety risks than the 2008 explosions when Burlington Northern Santa Fe oil cars caught fire in Oklahoma, requiring evacuations. “Railroads travel through population centers. The safest form of transport for this type of product is a pipeline,” former Clinton National Transportation Safety Board Chairman Jim Hall told Reuters after the Minnesota accident.The greens are flogging claims that Canada’s oil-sands crude is more corrosive to pipelines than is other oil, and that this makes the Pegasus leak (and future Keystone leaks) inevitable. Oil experts refute that claim. In any case Pegasus was built in the 1940s, and about half of America’s 2.3 million miles of pipeline were built more than 40 years ago. The best way to minimize leaks is to replace this aging network with modern pipelines such as the one planned for the Keystone XL, which use technology that instantly recognizes leaks and immediately shuts down oil flow.No form of energy production or transport is without risks, so the issue is how to do it as safely and efficiently as possible. Canada and North Dakota are going to keep producing oil as long as America and the world keep using it, which is likely to be many decades. The tale of these two oil spills is one more argument to build the Keystone XL.

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